The Sanitation Crisis

Diseases from unsafe water and lack of basic sanitation kill more people every year than all forms of violence, including war. (source) Poor sanitation causes severe diarrhea, which kills 1.5 million children each year.  Children are especially vulnerable, as their bodies aren’t strong enough to fight diarrhea, dysentery and other illnesses.  Many of these diseases are preventable.  Adequate sanitation alone can reduce diarrheal illness by 37.5% (source).

About 2.5 billion people use unsafe toilets or defecate in the open.  Our mission is to change that.  Smart investments in sanitation can reduce disease, increase family incomes, keep girls in school, help preserve the environment, and enhance human dignity.


Improved Sanitation Solutions

  • Piped Sewer System
  • Flush or pour-flush toilets with an anaerobic septic system
  • Septic Tank
  • Pit Latrine
  • Constructed Wetland
  • Pit Latrine With Slab
  • Ventilated improved pit latrine
  • Double Vault Toilet with urine diversion (Dry Toilet)
  • Composting Toilet**
  • Incineration Toilet

**The only self-contained technology appropriate for flood-prone areas.

Unimproved Sanitation Facilities

  • Flush or pour-flush to elsewhere (excreta are flushed to the street, yard or plot, open sewer, a ditch, a drainage way or other location)
  • Pit latrine without slab or open pit
  • Bucket Latrine
  • Hanging latrines (at the edge of a river bed)
  • No facilities (bush or field)

Waterless Toilets That Last

Healthy communities depend on proper sanitation, and proper sanitation means providing families with a convenient, reliable toilet.

The team behind the TfP Waterless Toilet designs, constructs, sells and distributes privately owned, indoor waterless toilets using inexpensive, locally sourced materials. We designed the TfP Waterless Toilet for use in poor communities, especially those prone to flooding. These toilets are aesthetically pleasing, innovative, and easy to use.

The TfP Waterless Toilet design maximizes aerobic degradation at levels previous designs have been unable to reach.

Above-ground vault latrines (also referred to as EcoSan latrines) are the default option in most flood-prone areas where pit latrines and flush toilets fail.

While effective, the disadvantages of this toilet option include that they can be expensive and time consuming to construct from large quantities of brick and cement, require considerable space, and are difficult for users to safely maintain since the users need to remove and dispose of a cubic yard of waste (which often still contains dangerous pathogens) from the vault when they become full.

The TfP Waterless Toilet brings one of the simplest, most proven, and popular private composting toilet designs from the developed world to the developing world by using low-cost, local materials and appropriate technology.